Sir Paul M. Nurse, FRS, is a British biochemist. He was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Leland H. Hartwell and R. Timothy Hunt for their discoveries regarding cell cycle regulation by cyclin and cyclin dependent kinases.
In 1984, Nurse joined the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (ICRF, now named the Cancer Research U.K. London Research Institute). He left in 1988 to chair the department of microbiology at the University of Oxford. He then returned to the ICRF as Director of Research in 1993, and in 1996 was named Director General of the ICRF, which became the Cancer Research U.K. London Research Institute in 2002. In 2003, he became president of Rockefeller University in New York City where he continues to work on the cell cycle of fission yeast.
In addition to the Nobel Prize, Nurse has received numerous awards and honors. In 1989, he became a fellow of the Royal Society and in 1995 he received a Royal Medal and became a foreign associate of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. He received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1998. Nurse was knighted in 1999. He was awarded the French Legion d’Honneur in 2002, the Copley Medal in 2005, and was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in April 2006.