Michael Chertoff is the current United States Secretary of Homeland Security. He previously served as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals, as a federal prosecutor, and as assistant U.S. Attorney General. He was nominated as Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security by President George W. Bush in 2005.
In September 1986 as Assistant U.S. Attorney, Chertoff was instrumental in putting the American (Italian) Mafia on trial. It was the start of the total cleanup of the Italian Mafia in NewYork and Chicago. He is the co-author, along with Viet Dinh, of the USA PATRIOT Act, signed into law October 26, 2001. As head of the Justice Department’s criminal division, he advised the Central Intelligence Agency on the outer limits of legality in coercive interrogation sessions.
In 2000, Chertoff worked as special counsel to the New Jersey State Senate Judiciary Committee, investigating racial profiling in New Jersey. From 2001 to 2003, he headed the criminal division of the Department of Justice. Most recently Chertoff has managed the FEMA response to Hurricane Katrina.