- 30 min
Gioconda Belli is a Nicaraguan author, poet and novelist. She was an active participant in the Sandinista struggle against the Somoza dictatorship, and her work for the movement led to her being forced into exile in Mexico in 1975. Returning in 1979 after the Sandistina victory, she held several positions in the new administration and was responsible among other things for a major literacy campaign. In 1988, her book “La Mujer Habitada” (The Inhabited Woman), a semi-autobiographical novel that raised gender issues for the first time in the Nicaraguan revolutionary narratives, brought Belli increase attention.
Belli has published three other novels: “Sofía de los Presagios” (1990), “Waslala, Memorial del Futuro” (1996), and “El Pergamino de la Seducción” (2005). In 2000, she published her autobiography, emphasizing her involvement in the revolutionary movement, El país bajo mi piel, published under the name “The Country Under My Skin” in the United States. Belli continues publishing and she maintains that poetry is her most important work. Belli was the recipient of the Premio de Poesía Mariano Fiallos Gil in 1972 and of the prestigious Premio Casa de las Américas in 1975.