Sir Georg Solti (October 21, 1912 - September 5, 1997) was a world-renowned Hungarian-British orchestral and operatic conductor.
Solti was born György Stern in Budapest, where he learned the piano and studied at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music. By 1935, he was gaining recognition as a conductor, and made his debut at the Budapest Opera in 1938 with The Marriage of Figaro. In 1939, with German invasion imminent, he fled Hungary because of his Jewish ancestry, and moved to neutral Switzerland, where he continued a career as a pianist but had limited opportunities to develop his conducting.
After the war, Solti was music director of the Bavarian State Opera in Munich and the Frankfurt Opera. In 1951, he made his debut at the Salzburg Festival conducting Mozart’s Idomeneo. In 1961, Solti became music director at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, serving in that capacity until 1971. He thereafter spent much of his time in Britain and the United States. Solti was music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) from 1969 until 1991, when he was made the first and only Music Director Laureate in that orchestra’s history.
Source - Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Solti