Noam Chomsky is the Institute Professor Emeritus of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is credited with the creation of the theory of generative grammar, considered to be one of the most significant contributions to the field of linguistics made in the 20th Century. He also helped spark the cognitive revolution in psychology through his review of B. F. Skinner’s “Verbal Behavior”. His naturalistic approach to the study of language has also affected the philosophy of language and mind.
Chomsky has become more widely known for his media criticism and politics than for his linguistic theories. He is generally considered to be a key intellectual figure within the left wing of United States politics. His 1957 book “Syntactic Structures”, is perhaps his best-known work in linguistics.
Chomsky has received many honorary degrees from the most prestigious universities around the world, including the following: University of London, University of Chicago, and Delhi University. He is a member of other professional and learned societies in the United States and abroad, and is a recipient of the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award of the American Psychological Association, the Dorothy Eldridge Peacemaker Award, and others. Early in his career Chomsky was granted the prestigious MacArthur Award.
Source- Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noam_Chomsky