Richard McGarrah Helms (March 30, 1913 - October 23, 2002) was the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from 1966 to 1973. He was the only director to have been convicted of lying to Congress over Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) undercover activities. In 1977, he was sentenced to the maximum fine and received a suspended two-year prison sentence.
Helms became Director of the Office of Strategic Services (OSO) after the CIA’s disastrous role in the attempted invasion of Cuba in 1961. He was soon sent off to Vietnam where he oversaw the coup to overthrow President Ngo Dinh Diem. Following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Helms was made Deputy Director of the CIA under Admiral William Raborn. A year later, in 1966, he was appointed Director.
In 1983, President Ronald Reagan awarded Helms the National Security Medal.