Garry Kimovich Kasparov
Garry Kimovich Kasparov is a chess grandmaster and former World Chess Champion. Kasparov became the youngest ever World Chess Champion in 1985. He held the official FIDE world title until 1993.
Kasparov’s ratings achievements include being rated world #1 according to Elo rating almost continuously from 1986 until his retirement in 2005; and holding the all time highest rating of 2851. He also holds records for consecutive tournament victories and Chess Oscars.
Kasparov announced his retirement from professional chess on March 10, 2005, choosing instead to devote his time to politics and writing. Kasparov founded the United Civil Front, a social movement whose main goal is to prevent Russia from returning to totalitarianism.