John Robert Lewis is an American politician and was an important leader in the American Civil Rights Movement. He was president of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and played a key role in the struggle to end segregation. Lewis, a member of the Democratic Party, has represented Georgia’s 5th Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives since 1987.
Lewis first ran for elective office, in 1977, when a vacancy occurred in Georgia’s 5th District. A special election was called after President Jimmy Carter appointed incumbent Congressman Andrew Young to be U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. Lewis lost the race to Atlanta City Councilman Wyche Fowler. In 1981, Lewis was himself elected to the Atlanta City Council.
In 1986, when Fowler ran for the United States Senate, Lewis defeated fellow civil rights leader Julian Bond in the Democratic primary to succeed Fowler in the 5th District. Lewis was the second African-American to represent Georgia in Congress since Reconstruction. Lewis has been re-elected nine times without serious opposition.
Source - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Lewis_%28politician%29