Tzipora (Tzipi) Livni is Foreign Affairs Minister and Vice Prime Minister of the state of Israel. Livni is a leading member of the centrist Kadima Party.
Livni was first elected to the Knesset as a member of the Likud party in 1999. At that time, Likud was in opposition to the government of Ehud Barak. When Likud leader Ariel Sharon became prime minister in July 2001, Livni was appointed Minister of Regional Cooperation, and thereafter held various Cabinet positions.
On November 20, 2005, Livni followed Sharon and Olmert into the new Kadima Party. In the selection of candidates for the March 2006 Knesset election, Livni was awarded the number three position on Kadima’s list of candidates, which effectively guaranteed her election to the Knesset.
On 4 May 2006, with the swearing-in of the 31st Government, Livni became Vice Prime Minister and retained the position of Foreign Minster.
Source - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tzipi_Livni