Sir Ernst Hans Josef Gombrich (30 March 1909 ? 3 November 2001) was an art historian, who spent most of his working life in the United Kingdom.
During World War II, Gombrich worked for the BBC World Service, monitoring German radio broadcasts. He returned to the Warburg Institute in November 1945 where he became Senior Research Fellow (1946), Lecturer (1948), Reader (1954) before eventually becoming Professor of the History of the Classical Tradition and its director (1959?72). He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1960, made CBE in 1966, knighted in 1972, and appointed a member of the Order of Merit in 1988.
Gombrich’s “The Story of Art” is widely regarded as a seminal work of criticism and one of the most accessible introductions to the visual arts. Other major publications include “Art and Illusion” (1960), regarded by critics to be his most influential and far-reaching work, and the papers gathered in “Meditations on a Hobby Horse” (1963) and “The Image and the Eye” (1981). Other important books are “Aby Warburg: An Intellectual Biography” (1970), “The Sense of Order” (1979) and “The Preference for the Primitive” (posthumously in 2002).