Jean-Marie Messier is a French businessman who was Chairman and Chief Executive of the multinational media conglomerate Vivendi SA (formerly Vivendi Universal) until 2002.
Messier held several posts at the French Economy Ministry during the 1980s before moving to investment bankers Lazard Freres in 1989. After taking up the chairmanship of the utility company Compagnie Générale des Eaux in 1994, he oversaw its diversification into the media sector and its 2000 merger with Canal+ and Seagram (owners of Universal Studios) to form Vivendi Universal.
Messier was forced to resign from his position with Vivendi in July 2002 after the company posted a loss of 13.6 billion euro during 2001.
Source - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Marie_Messier