Bernard Lewis is the Cleveland E. Dodge Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University. He specializes in the history of Islam and the interaction between Islam and the West and is especially famous for his works on the history of the Ottoman Empire.
In 1974, Lewis accepted a joint position at Princeton University and the Institute for Advanced Study, also located in Princeton, New Jersey. Upon his retirement from Princeton in 1986, Lewis served at Cornell University until 1990.
Lewis is one of the most widely read scholars of the Middle East, whose advice is frequently sought by policymakers. In addition to his scholarly works, Lewis wrote several influential books accessible to the general public: “The Arabs in History” (1950), The Middle East and the West (1964), and The Middle East (1995). In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the interest in Lewis’s work surged, especially his 1990 essay “The Roots of Muslim Rage”. Two of his books were published after 9/11: “What Went Wrong?” (written before the attacks) and “The Crisis of Islam”.