Rodney Allen Brooks is director of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and Panasonic Professor of Robotics. He is also Chief Technical Officer and sits on the Board of iRobot Corp.
His work in robotics, first published in 1986 and subsequently elaborated upon in a series of highly influential papers, inaugurated a fundamental shift in artificial intelligence research. He has focused on biologically inspired robotic architectures (e.g., the Subsumption architecture) that address basic perceptual and sensorimotor tasks. Brooks’ perspective is perhaps best and most eloquently described in his classic paper, ‘Elephants Don’t Play Chess.’