John Major was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the British Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. During his time as Prime Minister, the world went through a period of transition after the end of the Cold War. This included the growing importance of the European Union and the debate surrounding Britain’s ratification of the Maastricht Treaty.
Before serving as Prime Minister, Major was a Cabinet minister under Margaret Thatcher. He served as Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Foreign Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer. He has received numerous honors for his service, including the Companion of Honour for his work on the Northern Ireland Peace Process; he was made a Knight Companion of the Order of the Garter by Queen Elizabeth II, and was installed at St. George’s Chapel.